Baseball Stadium Floor

Two white lines run out from the home plate area, aligned with first and third bases. These are the foul lines or base lines, usually differentiated by referring to them as the first base line, or the third base line. If a ball hit by the batter lands outside of the space between these two lines, or rolls out of this space before reaching first or third base, the ball is “foul” (meaning it is dead and the play is over). If it lands between or on the lines, it is “fair”. At the end of the lines are two foul poles, which help the umpires judge whether a ball is fair or foul. These “foul poles” are actually in fair territory, so a ball that hits them on the fly is a home run (if hit on the bounce, it is instead an automatic double).

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